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Well system inspection
Water tapped by a private well is often of the highest quality. When buying a home with a private well, your home inspection should include a well system check up to ensure the well is in good working order and the quality of the water produced meets health standards.

Prior to the inspection, you should obtain your well’s log or record, which contains information on the history of the well and the ground surrounding it. Contractors must file well logs with their respective states upon completion of all new wells. However, well owners should also own a copy in case the well needs to be serviced at any time.

Gas Well Drilling: A NEW AND MAJOR ISSUE

With the increase in gas well drilling, particulalry for deep gas wells, the chance of major chemical contamination has become a major issue and health concern. The only way to protect your water and health and hold the gas drilling companies accountable is to test your water prior to drilling. There are dozens of nasty chemicals used in the process of freeing the gas from the rocks while "Hydor-Fracturing" or "Fracking" For information about what our environemental testing company can do to help protect you and your family, visit


Your well water inspection will include:

  • A flow test to determine system output and a check of the water level before and during pumping, pump motor performance (check amp load, grounding, and line voltage), pressure tank and pressure switch contact, and general water quality (odor, cloudiness, etc.).
  • An inspection of well equipment to assure that it is sanitary and meets local code requirements.
  • A test of your water for coliform bacteria and nitrates, iron, manganese, water hardness, sulfides and anything else of concern in your area that could pose problems with your plumbing, staining, water appearance, and odor.
  • A concise, clear, written report explaining results and recommendations for your well that include all laboratory and other test results.

Private Water Systems: Construction, Maintenance, and Testing (Videos)

Valuable information for home owners with wells, cisterns, and springs.

Private Water System Basics
Introductory video
Well, Spring, and Cistern Construction and Maintenance
This video provides information on the proper construction of wells, springs, and cisterns to prevent contamination.
Water Supply Testing and Protection
Only about 50 percent of the wells, springs, and cisterns in Pennsylvania have been properly tested by a state-certified testing laboratory. As a result, homeowners are often unaware of many symptomless water quality problems.
Solving Water Problems
Once you identify pollutants in water through water testing, the next question is how to solve the problem.

Water Supply Resources (Drinking Water)

Pennsylvania Master Well Owner Network
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
DEP Private Wells in Pennsylvania
Water Quality Association
National Groundwater Association
PA Water Well Inventory
Cornell Extension Drinking Water Information
Wisconsin Private Well Page
American Groundwater Trust
EPA Drinking Water Standards
Private Water Systems Home Study Course
Penn State Water Testing Program
The goal of Penn State's Drinking Water program is to promote well water testing and to educate home-owners on its importance.